3    Three Manchu Emperors                      


Primary Resources 


Document 3.1

Excerpts from “Shi Lang’s Memorial on the Capture of Taiwan," 1683

Document 3.2

Excerpts from the Analects of Confucius

Document 3.3

The Kangxi Emperor’s “The Sacred Edicts,” 1670

Document 3.4

“Fan Jin Passes the Juren Examination,” an excerpt from The Scholars by Wu Jingzi, c. 1740


Document 3.5


Excerpts from “Yuanchun Visits Her Parents on the Feast of Lanterns,” The Dream of Red Mansions by Cao Xueqin, 1792


Document 3.6


Excerpts from “A Worthless Son Receives a Fearful Flogging,” The Dream of Red Mansions by Cao Xueqin, 1792 

Document 3.7

“Portrait of the Qianlong Emperor (r.1736-1796) as the Bodhisattva Manjusri”

Document 3.8

Photographs of the Forbidden City, Beijing, 2006 – 2007



Supplementary Resources


Item 3.A

Map of China during the Ming dynasty (1368–1644)

Item 3.B

Map of China during the Ming dynasty (1644–1911) 

Item 3.C

A Brief History of Taiwan

Item 3.D

A Brief History of Tibet



Activity Websites


Activity 3 Extended Activity

Ming Dynasty Map


Suggested Resources 



Barmé, Geremie R. The Forbidden City. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2008.

A history of the Forbidden City in Beijing, China, with information about the dynasties and rulers who resided in the palace.


Bosse, Malcolm. The Examination. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1994.

This historical novel gives a sense of the civil service examination system and secret societies.


Cao Xueqin. The Story of the Stone. Trans. David Hawkes. Vol. 1. London: Penguin, 1973.

A translation of the famous novel also known as A Dream of Red Mansions




The Art of Asia: Ch’ing Dynasty

Site from the Minneapolis Institute of Arts with history and maps of the Chinese dynasties. Includes curator videos.


Discovery Atlas China Revealed: Chinese Architecture, The Forbidden City

A video about the architecture and history of the Forbidden City. From Discovery Atlas.


History & Maps, Ming Dynasty Map

Maps from the Minneapolis Institute of Art showing China’s shifting boundaries across the millennia.


Inside Beijing’s Forbidden City

A behind-the-scenes tour of the Forbidden City with “Today Show” host Matt Lauer and historic preservationist Henry Ng.


Recording the Grandeur of the Qing: The Southern Inspection Tour Scrolls of the Kangxi and Qianlong Emperors

An interactive website about the Qing dynasty. From the Metropolitan Museum of Art and Columbia University.




The Emperor’s Eye (58 mins; 1990)

This documentary captures the preeminence of the arts in Chinese culture.



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